Transmission and distribution of electricity
In order for the produced electricity from the power plants such as HPP Matka and from all other producers to reach the consumers, it is necessary to “transmit” it properly.
The transmission of electricity to all consumers is done through two interconnected systems: the transmission system and the electricity distribution system.
The electricity transmission system consists of substations and a high-voltage transmission line grid, whose main task is to transmit electricity over long distances that sometimes exceed several hundred kilometers, as well as to large factories that are also the largest consumers of electricity. To accomplish this task, the power transmission system operates at voltage levels of 110,000 and 400,000 volts.
The electricity distribution system is connected to the transmission system. Its task is to successfully bring electricity to all consumers in the country. It consists of substations and distribution grid of power lines, which depending on the size of the consumers connected to it, transmit electricity at several voltage levels, starting from 110,000 volts, 35,000, 20,000, 10,000 and 6,000 volts, and down to 400 volts.